Cyrus the Great
Founder of Persian Achaemenid Empire
Cyrus the Second (later, the Great) was born in today Fars Province, Persia, which was then a subject kingdom of the Medians. But Cyrus had no ordinary beginnings; he was royalty. Cyrus was in fact the son of Cambyses I, king of Pars, and crucially, grandson of Astyages, king of Media.
He arose from Pars & defeated all overlords & established the greatest empire of that time, Achaemenid.
In 539 B.C.E., King Cyrus decided to expand the boundaries of Persia. He began by conquering Babylon. Unlike Assyrian kings, From the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River, Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had yet seen.
Not only in Iran but also in the whole world Cyrus was known for his mercy rather than his cruelty, he was better able, though more benign policies, reconcile his subjects to Persian rule, & the longevity of his empire was one result. The Persian king, like the Assyrians, was also "King of Kings".
| Persian Achaemenid Empire
He allowed the Hebrews, who had been captives in Babylon for over fifty years to return to the holy city of Jerusalem, instead of turning them into slaves. He returned sacred items that were stolen from them and allowed the rebuilding of their capital and the temple.
Cyrus also allowed the Hebrews to continue living and worshiping as they chose. The Jewish prophet, Isaiah, called Cyrus "God's shepherd," and said that "God would go before him and level the mountains."
| Cyrus the Great
|| Cyrus the Great
He and his successors employed a policy of adaptation and reconciliation toward all of their new subjects. Cyrus clay cylinder or Human Right Cylinder of Cyrus the Great, this royal inscription is written as a declaration of human right and removing the rule of slavery called . It is maintained today at British museum. for any information, please contact our Iranian tr2p tour operator.